Challenging a Will: The Legal Process of Will Contests

The final testament of a loved one, the will, ideally should serve as a clear roadmap for the distribution of their assets. However, sometimes this document becomes a source of contention, leading to a will contest. This blog post provides a comprehensive exploration of will contests, helping you understand why and how a will can be challenged and the legal process surrounding it.

Will Contests: What Are They?

A will contest is a formal objection against the validity of a will, typically lodged by a potential beneficiary or someone who would have inherited if the will was deemed invalid.

Grounds for Contesting a Will

There are several grounds on which a will can be contested:

  • Lack of Capacity: If the person who wrote the will, known as the testator, lacked the mental capacity to understand the implications of their actions, the will may be contested.
  • Undue Influence: If the testator was coerced or manipulated into making the will in a certain way, it may be a basis for contest.
  • Fraud or Forgery: A will can be contested if it was created under fraudulent circumstances or if the signature of the testator was forged.
  • Improper Execution: If the will wasn’t prepared and signed according to the state’s laws, it may be contested.

The Legal Process of Will Contests

  • Filing a Caveat: Before the will is probated, an individual can file a ‘caveat’ with the probate court, indicating their intent to contest the will.
  • Initiating the Contest: Once probate begins, the person contesting the will must file a formal objection with the probate court.
  • Discovery Phase: Both sides will gather evidence to support their case, which may involve document review, depositions, and interrogatories.
  • Court Proceedings: If the matter can’t be resolved out of court, the case will go to trial, where each side will present their case before a judge.
  • Outcome: If the will contest is successful, the will may be invalidated wholly or partially. The court might then defer to a previous will or follow the state’s laws on intestacy (dying without a valid will).

The Role of a Probate Attorney

The journey through a will contest can be legally complex and emotionally taxing. A probate attorney can provide critical guidance during this journey, offering legal advice, gathering evidence, and representing your interests in court.


In the realm of estate planning, wills are meant to serve as beacons, guiding the distribution of assets and ensuring the decedent’s wishes are honored. However, when a will becomes a point of contention, understanding the pathway of will contests becomes crucial. With a blend of legal insight, professional assistance, and emotional resilience, these disputes can be navigated and resolved, honoring both the letter and the spirit of the departed loved one’s final wishes.